A nurse is attempting to resuscitate a neonate.
After following the Neonatal Resuscitation
Program guidelines, 30 seconds of chest compressions
have been completed. The neonate’s heart rate
remains less than 60 bpm. Epinephrine is given.
What is the expected outcome for a neonate who has
received epinephrine during resuscitation?
■ 1. Increased urine output.
■ 2. A normal heart rate.
■ 3. Pain relief.
■ 4. Sedation.
Epinephrine is given for severe bradycardia
and hypotension. An expected outcome would
be an increased heart rate to a normal range. Epinephrine
decreases renal blood fl ow, so a decrease
in urine output would be expected. Epinephrine
also stimulates alpha- and beta-adrenergic receptors,
which do not offer pain relief or sedation.