Brain tumor site and its presentation:


Clinical manifestations of brain tumors and their locations:

A. Headache, nausea and/or vomiting, papilledema: midline or infratentorial tumors.

B. Disorders of gait, coordination, and equilibrium: infratentorial tumors.

C. Motor weakness, speech disorders, seizures, sensory changes, abnormal reflexes, hand preference: supratentorial tumors.

D. Gaze palsy, cranial nerve palsy, upper motor neuron deficits (e.g., hemiparesis, clonus and hyperreflexia): brainstem tumors.

E. Torticollis: herniation of cerebellar tonsil.

F. Blurred vision, diplopia, and nystagmus: infratentorial tumors.

G. Marcus Gunn pupil (afferent pupillary defect), nystagmus, visual defects: optic pathway tumor.

H. Diabetes insipidus and hypothyroidism: suprasellar or third ventricular region tumor.

I. Bladder and bowel deficits, back or radicular pain, long nerve (sensory/motor) deficits: spinal cord tumors.