Concept of Health and Disease


#1

Q-1. All are morbidity indicators except-
a) Period of stay in hospital
b) Doctor and population ratio
c) Attendance at out-patient department
d) Notification rates

Answer-b
Explanation:
Morbidity Indicators:
Incidence and prevalence
Notification rate
Attendance rate at out-patient departments, health centres, etc.
Admission, readmission and discharge rates
Duration of stay in hospital
Spell of sickness or absence from work or school.

Q-2. Most important component of level of living is-
a) Health
b) Education
c) Occupation
d) Housing

Answer-a
Explanation:
Level of Living:
It consists of nine components: health, food consumption, education, occupation and working conditions, housing, social security, clothing, recreation and leisure and human rights.
Health is the most important component of the level of living because its impairment always means impairment of the level of living.

Q-3. Living standard of people is best assessed by
a) Infant mortality rate
b) Maternal mortality rate
c) Physical quality of life index
d) Death rate

Answer-c
Explanation:
Physical quality of life index:
It consolidates three indicators, viz. infant mortality, life expectancy at age one and literacy.
These three components measure the results rather than inputs.
The composite index is calculated by averaging three indicators, giving equal weight to each of them.
The PQLI is scaled 0 to 100.
PQLI doesn’t measure economic growth; it measures the result of social, economic and political policies.
The oil rich countries of Middle East with high per capita income have in fact very low PQLI. At the other extreme, Sri Lanka and Kerala state in India have low per capita income with high PQLI.
The ultimate objective is to attain a PQLI of 100.
In India, PQLI is 65.

Q-4. The following statement is true for the physical Quality of life index
a) It consolidates infant mortality, literacy, & life expectancy at age one
b) It is a measure of the inputs
c) Not comparable
d) Highest in UP

Answer-a
Explanation:
See above explanation

Q-5. Physical quality of life index is measured by all except-
a) Infant mortality
b) Life expectancy at age one
c) Literacy
d) Per capita income

Answer-d
Explanation:
See above explanation

Q-6. PQLI included are
a) Literacy
b) Infant mortality
c) Income
d) Life expectancy at birth

Answer-a and b
Explanation:
See above explanation

Q-7. Physical quality of life index is measured by all, except
a) Infant mortality
b) Life expectancy at age one
c) Literacy
d) Per capita income

Answer-d
Explanation:
See above explanation

Q-8. Physical quality of life index in India is
a) 31
b) 43
c) 50
d) 61

Answer-d (Most correct answer)
Explanation:
See above explanation