#Hematocolpos is a medical condition in which the vagina fills with menstrual blood


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#Hematocolpos
is a medical condition in which the vagina fills with menstrual blood . It is often caused by the combination of menstruation with an imperforate hymen .It is sometimes seen in Robinow syndrome , uterus didelphys , or other vaginal anomalies .
A related disorder is hematometra , where the
uterus fills with menstrual blood. It presents after puberty as primary amenorrhoea , recurrent pelvic pain with a pelvic mass. This can be caused by a congenital stenosis of the
cervix , or by a complication of a surgical treatment. Mucometrocolpos is the accumulation of mucous secretions behind an imperforate hymen. Mucometrocolpos can sometimes cause abdominal distention.
Symptoms
On and off lower abdominal pain lasting more than a week
Pain with cramping, with episodes of worse pain in between
Vomiting without blood or bile
Abdominal bloating and distention
Constipation and changes in urine output

Tender breasts
Vaginal bleeding or discharge
Causes
There can be four possible causes of hematocolpos
Imperforate hymen
Cervical atresia
Vaginal atresia
Transverse vaginal septum
Treatment
It is generally treated surgically, with a
hymenotomy or other surgery to remove any tissue that blocks the menstrual flow.