Man and Medicine: Towards Health for All


#1

Q-1. Epidemiology of cholera in England was classified by
a) John Snow
b) Winslow
c) Chadwick
d) Howard huges

Answer: John Snow
Explanation:
Epidemiology of cholera:
An English epidemiologist, John Snow, studied the epidemiology of cholera in London from 1848 to 1854 and established the role of polluted drinking water in the spread of cholera.
In 1856, William Budd, by careful observation of an outbreak of typhoid fever in the rural north of England concluded that the spread was by drinking water.

Q-2. The concept of social medicine was first introduced by
a) Neumann and Virchow
b) Robert Grotjahn
c) John Ryle
d) Rene sand
e) Crew

Answer: Neumann and Virchow
Explanation:
Social Medicine:
Social medicine has been primarily a European specialty.
The seeds that medicine is a social science were sown late in the 19th century by the pioneer such As Neumann and Virchow.
The term social medicine was first introduced by Jules Guerin, a French physician in 1848.

Q-3. The term ‘Social Medicine’ was first introduced by
a) John Snow
b) David Morley
c) Jules Guerin
d) C.E.A. Winslow

Answer: Jules Guerin
Explanation: See above explanation

Q-4. Consider the following-
a) Disease control phase
b) Health promotional phase
c) Social engineering phase
d) Health for all phase
The correct sequence of distinct phases demarcated in the history of public health is-
a) 1, 2, 3, 4
b) 2, 3, 4, 1
c) 2, 1, 3, 4
d) 1, 4, 2, 3

Answer: a
Explanation:
Distinct Phase in Public Health:
Disease control phase (1880-1920)
Health Promotional Phase (1920-1960)
Social engineering phase (1960-1980)
Health for all phase (1981-2000)

Q-5. Provision of free medical care to the people at government expense is known as-
a) State medicine
b) Social therapy
c) Social medicine
d) Preventive medicine

Answer: State medicine
Explanation:
Social control of medicine:
State medicine implies provision of free medical service to the people at government expense.
Germany led the way by instituting compulsory sickness insurance in 1883.
Great Britain nationalized its health services in 1946.
Russia was the first country to socialize medicine completely and to give its citizens a constitutional right to all health services.

Q-6. Contribution of Germany to public health
a) Germ theory
b) Pasteurization
c) Quarantine ship
d) Social medicine
e) Compulsory sickness benefit

Answer: Compulsory sickness benefit
Explanation:
See above explanation

Q-7. The first country to socialize medicine completed was –
a) Germany
b) Britain
c) Russia
d) Cuba
e) Hungary

Answer: Russia
Explanation:
See above explanation

Q-8. Samuel Hahnemann is referred to as Founding Father of
a) Ayurveda
b) Allopath
c) Homeopathy
d) Yoga

Answer: Homeopathy
Explanation:
Founding Father of Homeopathy: Samuel Hahnemann (Germany)
Father of public health: Cholera

Q-9. Who is regarded as Father of Public Health? (NEET Based)
a) Louis Pasteur
b) Cholera
c) John snow
d) Robert Koch

Answer: Cholera
Explanation:
See above explanation.

Q-10. Which of the following is known as “Father of Public Health”? (NEET Based)
a) Tuberculosis
b) Cholera
c) John Snow
d) Louis Pasteur

Answer: Cholera
Explanation:
See above explanation.

Crack PGMEE: On a Mission to Re-imagine Medical Education
Q-11. Who is known as ‘First True Epidemiologist’ in history of medicine?
a) John Snow
b) Hippocrates
c) James Lind
d) Joseph Lister

Answer: Hippocrates
Explanation:
Hippocrates:
Father of medicine and first true epidemiologist
Written book: Air, Water and Place
Concept of relationship of Environment with Human health

Q-12. Smallpox vaccine was introduced by: (NEET Based)
a) Paul Ehrlich
b) Robert Koch
c) Louis Pasteur
d) Edward Jenner

Answer: Edward Jenner
Explanation:
Edward Jenner discovered small pox vaccine in 1796 and coined term vaccination.
Important point:
Smallpox vaccine: First vaccine to be discovered

Q-13. Malarial parasite was discovered by: (NEET Based)
a) Robert Koch
b) Louis Pasteur
c) Charles Alphonse Laveran
d) Ronald Ross

Answer: Charles Alphonse Laveran
Explanation:
Germ theory of disease: Louis Pasteur
Multi-factorial causation of disease: Pettenkofer
Theory of web of causation: Mc Mohan and Pugh
Transmission of malaria by Anopheles mosquitoes: Ronald Ross
Lawyer who designed the Public Health Act 1848: Edwin Chadwick
Prevention of scurvy by citrus fruits: James Lind
Secret of national health lies in the homes of people: Florence Nightingale

Q-14. Theory of web of causation was given by: (NEET Based)
a) Mc Mohan and Pugh
b) Pettenkofer
c) John snow
d) Louis Pasteur

Answer: Mc Mohan and Pugh
Explanation:
See above explanation.

Q-15. Who discovered the transmission of malaria by Anopheles mosquitoes? (NEET Based)
a) Ronald Ross
b) Laveran
c) Muller
d) Pampana

Answer: Ronald Ross
Explanation:
See above explanation.

Q-16. The Lawyer who designed the Public Health Act 1848 was? (NEET Based)
a) John Snow
b) Edwin Chadwick
c) Joseph Lister
d) William Farr

Answer: Edwin Chadwick
Explanation:
See above explanation.

Q-17. James Lind is known for: (NEET Based)
(a) Germ theory of disease
(b) Multi-factorial causation of disease
© Prevention of scurvy by citrus fruits
(d) Web of causation

Answer: Prevention of scurvy by citrus fruits
Explanation:
See above explanation.

Q-18. Who among the following introduced the concept of relationship of Environment with Human health? (NEET Based)
a) Hippocrates
b) Louis Pasteur
c) David Moley
d) Ambroise Pare

Answer: Hippocrates
Explanation:
See above explanation.

Q-19. ‘Secret of national health lies in the homes of people’ statement by: (NEET Based)
a) Indira Gandhi
b) Abraham Lincoln
c) Joseph Bhore
d) Florence Nightingale

Answer: Florence Nightingale
Explanation:
See above explanation.

Q-20. Pioneer in concept of ’Specific protection by vaccine’ (NEET Based)
a) Chinese medicine
b) Robert Koch
c) Ambroise Pare
d) Louis Pasteur

Answer: Chinese medicine
Explanation:
World’s first organized body of medical knowledge: Chinese Medicine
Chinese were early pioneers of immunization.
Important point:
Chinese practised variolation to prevent small pox.

Crack PGMEE: On a Mission to Re-imagine Medical Education
Q-21. Which medicine claims to be the World’s first organized body of medical knowledge? (NEET Based)
a) Indian
b) Chinese
c) Egyptian
d) Mesopotamian

Answer: Chinese
Explanation:
See above explanation.

Q-22. Yoga is considered a part of Modern medicine. It will be a part of: (NEET Based)
a) Physiotherapy
b) Preventive medicine
c) Therapeutic medicine
d) Caloric usurper

Answer: Preventive medicine
Explanation:
AYUSH: Ayurveda + Yoga and Naturopathy + Unani + Siddha + Homeopathy
Important point:
Yoga is considered as preventive medicine.

Q-23. Ministry of AYUSH was formed in 2014 for the development of education and research in the field of (NEET Based)
a) Ayurveda and Yoga only
b) Unani and naturopathy only
c) Siddha and homeopathy only
d) All of the above

Answer: All of the above
Explanation:
See above explanation.

Q-24. Socialized medicine is: (AIIMS NOV 2006)
a) Health care at people’s expense
b) Charitable care at government expense
c) Free medical care at government expense, regulated by professional groups
d) Integration of social medicine with health care

Answer: Free medical care at government expense, regulated by professional groups
Explanation:
State medicine: Provision of free medical services at Government expense
Socialized medicine:
Free medical care at government expense, regulated by professional groups
Reduces competition among practitioners
Use state funds for free medicine
Ensures social equity and universal coverage

Q-25. All of the following are true about Socialized medicine except: (AIIMS NOV 2011)
a) Ensures social equity and universal coverage
b) Reduces competition among practitioners
c) Use state funds for free medicine
d) Increase utilization of health facilities

Answer: Increase utilization of health facilities
Explanation:
See above explanation.

Q-26. First bacterium discovered as cause of a disease was: (NEET Based)
a) TB bacillus
b) Leprosy bacillus
c) Anthrax bacillus
d) Plague bacillus

Answer: Anthrax bacillus
Explanation:
First bacterium discovered as cause of a disease: Anthrax bacillus
Important point:
The first human disease proved to have a viral etiology is yellow fever.

Q-27. Quarantine was first applied for: (NEET Based)
a) HIV/ AIDS
b) Tuberculosis
c) Leprosy
d) Plague

Answer: Plague
Explanation:
Quarantine currently has been replaced with active surveillance.
Quarantine first applied for plague.
Important point:
Quarantine period for yellow fever: 6 days (Maximum incubation period)

Q-28. Black Death is (NEET Based)
a) Plague
b) Dengue
c) Tuberculosis
d) Cholera

Answer: Plague
Explanation:
Common name of some important diseases:
Black sickness: Kala Azar
Black Death: Plague
Break bone fever: Dengue
Cerebro-spinal fever: Meningococcal meningitis
Slims’ disease: HIV/AIDS
5 Day fever: Trench fever
8TH day fever: Tetanus neonatorum
100 Day cough: Pertussis

Q-29. World Health Day is celebrated on: (NEET Based)
a) 1st December
b) 31st May
c) 7th April
d) 8th May

Answer: 7th April
Explanation:
World Health Day is celebrated on: 7th April
Breast Feeding Week: 1st week of August

Q-30. Breast Feeding Week is celebrated on: (NEET Based)
a) 1st week of March
b) 1st week of July
c) 1st week of August
d) 1st December

Answer: 1st week of August
Explanation:
See above explanation.

Crack PGMEE: On a Mission to Re-imagine Medical Education
Q-31. WHO declared that small pox has been eradicated in? (NEET Based)
a) May 1978
b) Sep 1984
c) May 1980
d) July 1987

Answer: May 1980
Explanation:
WHO declared global eradication of small pox: 8th May 1980.
India declared small pox free in July 1975