2 proposed algorithms for management of iatrogenic bile duct injuries (IBDI). The 1st algorithm is for BDI that are diagnosed intraoperatively. The 2nd one is for BDI presenting postoperatively (immediate or delayed).
Ø Mastery of surgery, 7th ed, 2018.
· IBDI Iatrogenic Bile Duct Injury
· VBI Vasculo-Biliary injury.
· PTHC Percutaneous Transhepatic Cholangiography
· PTBD Percutaneous Transhepatic Biliary Drain
· MRI Magnetic Resonance Imaging
· MRCP Magnetic Resonance Cholangio-Pancreatography.
· b/l bilateral
· CT Computed Tomography