Retinoblastoma is a cancer that starts in the retina


Retinoblastoma is a cancer that starts in the retina, the very back part of the eye. It is the most common type of eye cancer in children. Rarely, children can have other kinds of eye cancer, such as medulloepithelioma, or ocular (eye) melanoma.


Because retinoblastoma mostly affects infants and small children, symptoms are rare. Signs you may notice include:

A white color in the center circle of the eye (pupil) when light is shone in the eye, such as when taking a flash photograph

Eyes that appear to be looking in different directions

Eye redness

Eye swelling


There are different types of treatment for patients with retinoblastoma.

Six types of standard treatment are used:




Radiation therapy

High-dose chemotherapy with stem cell rescue

Surgery (enucleation)