What are the definition of nausea and vomiting?


#1

What are the definition of nausea and vomiting?

We have all experienced it one day: the nausea, this feeling of “heart pain” sometimes accompanied by high-the-Heart (want to throw up), and the vomiting are unpleasant symptoms that can be caused by a multitude of diseases or Of situations.

Most often, they are passengers and mild, and disappear in a few hours, at worst in a few days.

In some cases, however, they can translate the presence of a serious pathology or lead to dehydration, and must alert.

What are the causes of nausea and vomiting?

Nausea and vomiting are related, although it is possible to feel nausea without going up to throw up or throwing up without prior nausea.

It should be noted that the vomiting is a reflex, which begins with excessive salivation (Hyper-Sialorrhea) and most often with a feeling of nausea. Contractions of the digestive system then lead to the forced eviction of the contents of the stomach through the mouth. It is called antipéristaltisme, with peristalsis being the term used to refer to normal muscle contractions that allow foods to progress throughout the digestive tube.

The vomiting is controlled at the brain level by the “Centre of the vomiting” in the spinal bulb. The action of throwing up is allowed by violent contractions of the abdominal muscles and the muscles of the muscles.

Vomiting is not a disease: it is a symptoms that can be found during a large number of pathologies.

There is a need to distinguish between high-risk and chronic and persistent. The doctor will also seek to know the associated signs (pain, transit disorders, headaches, dizziness, fever, etc. ), conditions of happened (after a meal, for example), the type of vomiting (in jets, warrior, food, etc.). ).).).).

High-risk vomiting is most often of digestive origin. They happen especially in the case of a gastrointestinal infection or food poisoning, and are often accompanied by fever and diarrhoea.

They can also be the result of the evil of transport, pregnancy, violent disgust, taking some medicines (chemotherapy for example), etc.

Vomiting can also translate the presence of a neurological pathology. In these cases, they can happen in jet, without effort. They can be the sign:

From intracranial hypertension, itself due to a brain tumour, encephalitis, etc.
Of a meningitis
Of migraines
From a disease of Meniere (internal ear disorder)

Many other diseases (metabolism, endocrine, digestive, mental, mental, etc.) ) can lead to vomiting. If these are recurring, or remain, it is important to consult your doctor. If they happen violent, contain blood, accompanied by strong pain, that dehydration happens, an urgent consultation is necessary.

What are the consequences of nausea and vomiting?

Most often, these symptoms are mild and disappear on their own, especially when they are linked to an acute digestive infection.

On the other hand, if they remain and prevent any food intake, they can lead to dehydration and weight loss quite quickly. This is especially the case in young children. Then you have to go to the hospital without delay

Repeated vomiting can also damage the esophagus and lead to painful esophagitis.

What are the solutions in case of nausea and vomiting?

The solution obviously depends on the disease in question. The first measure is rehydration: drinking small amounts of Liquid, if possible rehydration solutions containing electrolytes.

In Case of pregnancy-related vomiting, especially present in the first quarter, it is important to monitor weight loss and discuss it with your doctor if it is too important. Some treatments may be recommended.

In the other cases, depending on the cause, a pharmacologic treatment (Antiemetic, metoclopramide or domperidone type) could be required. It does not allow to act on the cause of the vomiting and therefore does not give a medical review.

Repeated vomiting can also damage the esophagus and lead to painful esophagitis.

What are the solutions in case of nausea and vomiting?

The solution obviously depends on the disease in question. The first measure is rehydration: drinking small amounts of Liquid, if possible rehydration solutions containing electrolytes.

In Case of pregnancy-related vomiting, especially present in the first quarter, it is important to monitor weight loss and discuss it with your doctor if it is too important. Some treatments may be recommended.

In the other cases, depending on the cause, a pharmacologic treatment (Antiemetic, metoclopramide or domperidone type) could be required. It does not allow to act on the cause of the vomiting and therefore does not give a medical review.