What does a baby really see?
Baby’s visual vision
The view is the least performing meaning at birth. For several weeks, the baby lives in a world of rough forms. But if his vision leaves to desire the first days, he is not completely lost in the mist. From birth, it can detect an object that moves slowly, provided it is close to it and very contrasting. His visual vision is only 1/20th. Then his ability to distinguish details gets better over the months. Thus, at 4 and a half months, he distinguishes the mine from a pencil, which is an eye of 2/10 ES. At 18 months, his visual functions are almost those of an adult, even if he still lacks 4 to 6/10 es of vision.
Baby: her perception of colors
At birth, the baby sees the universe in light / dark. But at the age of 5 OR 6 weeks, it begins to perceive red and green and later around the 6TH MONTH, blue and yellow, provided that the colors are free , alive and saturated. A detail that of course did not escape toy manufacturers. At 18 months, he sees life in technicolor but still does not distinguish the weak shades (Pastel Tones).
Baby Vision: motion detection
In the first few weeks, the baby’s visual field remains very limited. If you want him to see you or follow your eyes, get well in front of him, close enough, and shake your face or hands very slowly. At 4 months and a half, great revolution: at one time, its eye tracking ability is perfect and its retina perceives stable images. He is not only able to follow the regular movement of a clock, but also to observe a cat jumping. So, your baby can follow you when you move in the room or when you take him out of bed.
At the same time, he connects the view and touch it. It is then perfectly comfortable to appreciate the distance of an object. He uses both his hands at the same time as his two eyes. It’s called the Binocular Vision. If you give him an object, he can catch it, keep it and carry it to his mouth in order to make a touch recognition.
The Relief Vision of a baby
At 4 months and a half, it can layer precisely the images from the right eye and the left eye. This layering gives him the feeling of relief. However, his universe remains limited to the 40 to 50 cm around him and everything that remains within reach of his hand. The Horizon will grow a little later, in direct connection with its motor capabilities. When he is strong and strong enough to sit down or turn back when he is lying, he will be able to catch the objects within his reach, without you giving him away. It will be a new step towards independence. Around 9 months, new step: he explores his little world, adventure, touches everything he sees. He easily spots the obstacles on his way, believes the points of support he can count on. He will see even better and further when he walks. At 1 year and a half, the structures responsible for his vision will be almost fixed, and at 6 years final.