DPP-4 (dipeptidyl-peptidase 4) inhibitors – These medications help reduce blood sugar levels but tend to have a modest effect. They don’t seem to cause weight gain. Examples of these medications are sitagliptin (Januvia), saxagliptin (Onglyza) and linagliptin (Tradjenta).
GLP-1 (glucagon-like-peptide-1)receptor agonists – These medications slow digestion and help lower blood sugar levels, though not as much as sulfonylureas. This class of medications isn’t recommended for use alone. Exenatide (Byetta) and liraglutide (Victoza) are examples of GLP-1 receptor agonists. Possible side effects include nausea and an increased risk of pancreatitis.
SGLT2 (sodium-glucose cotransporter-2)inhibitors. These are the newest diabetes drugs on the market. They work by preventing the kidneys from reabsorbing sugar in the blood. Instead, the sugar is excreted in the urine. Examples include canagliflozin (Invokana) and dapagliflozin (Farxiga). Side effects may include It yeast infections and urinary tract infections.
Some people who have type 2 diabetes need insulin therapy as well. In the past, insulin therapy was used as last resort, but today it’s often prescribed sooner because of its benefits. Because normal digestion interferes with insulin taken by mouth, insulin must be injected. Depending on your needs, your doctor may prescribe a mixture of insulin types to use throughout the day and night. Often, people with type 2 diabetes start insulin use with one long-acting shot at night. Insulin injections involve using a fine needle and syringe or an insulin pen injector a device that looks similar to an ink pen, except the cartridge is filled with insulin. There are many types of insulin, and they each work in a different way.
Diabetes is a diseases its a high blood sugar level on the body.in this diseases, our body can not use and store of glucose on blood. because our body can not make insulin.and this insulin allows glucose to enter into the body cells. and glucose provides energy of our body. without insulin, our body cants not make any energy.
They cause by Viral infection, Immune system, obesity, bad diet, some toxins chemical and by genetics.they diagnosis by some specific diabetes test.