Which of the following indicate Ca breast -
- Serous discharge
- Recent retraction of nipple
- Ulceration of nipple
- Cracked nipple
- Cellular atypia
- Recent retraction of the nipple may be of considerable pathological significance. A slit-like retraction of the nipple may be due to duct ectasia and chronic periductal mastitis, but circumferential retraction, with or without an underlying lump, may well indicate an underlying Ca.
- Although ulceration of nipple may occur in Ca breast, but may occur in other conditions also.
- Cracked nipple may occur during lactation and be the forerunner of acute infective mastitis.
- Various degrees of cellular and architectural atypia (Atypical hyperplasia) occurs in ‘Ca in situ’ and ‘breast Ca’.