Adult cardiac arrest algorithm
The management of adult cardiac arrest involves a systematic approach to resuscitation. The following is a simplified version of the adult cardiac arrest algorithm based on the American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines. Please note that this is not a substitute for professional medical training, and it’s important to follow the most current guidelines and protocols provided by your local healthcare authority or organization.
1. Recognition and Activation of Emergency Response:
- If you witness someone collapsing or find an unresponsive person, shout for help and activate the emergency response system (call 911 or your local emergency number).
- Check for responsiveness and breathing. If the person is unresponsive and not breathing normally (or not breathing at all), begin CPR.
2. CPR (Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation):
- Perform high-quality chest compressions: Push hard (at least 2 inches deep) and fast (at a rate of 100-120 compressions per minute).
- Allow the chest to fully recoil between compressions.
- After 30 compressions, give 2 rescue breaths (if you are trained in CPR).
- Continue cycles of CPR (30 compressions and 2 breaths) until an automated external defibrillator (AED) is available or advanced medical help arrives.
3. Early Defibrillation:
- If an AED is available, turn it on and follow the voice prompts.
- Attach the AED pads to the person’s chest as shown on the pads.
- If a shock is advised, ensure no one is touching the person and deliver the shock as instructed.
- Resume CPR immediately after the shock, starting with chest compressions.
4. Advanced Life Support:
- If advanced medical personnel arrive, they will take over and provide advanced airway management, medications, and other interventions.
Remember that during a cardiac arrest situation, early and effective CPR along with prompt defibrillation are crucial to improving the person’s chances of survival. It’s important to follow the specific guidelines provided by your local healthcare authority or organization, as protocols may vary. If you are not trained in CPR, call for help and follow the instructions of the emergency dispatcher until professional help arrives.
If you are trained in CPR and advanced life support, make sure to stay current with the latest guidelines and recommendations through regular training and certification courses.