All are true about the round ligament except

All are true about the round ligament except

  1. measures 12 cms in length

  2. Is homologus to the guberna culture of testes

  3. Lies anterior to the obturator artery along its course

  4. Contains smooth muscles

View Explanation

Round ligaments: These are paired, one on each side. Each measures about 10-12 cm. It is attached at the cornu of the uterus below and in front of the fallopian tube. It courses beneath the anterior leaf of the broad ligament to reach the internal abdominal ring. After traversing through the inguinal canal, it fuses with the subcutaneous tissue of the anterior third of the labium majus. During its course, it runs anterior to obturator artery and lateral to the inferior epigastric artery. It contains plain muscles and connective tissue. It is hypertrophied during pregnancy and in association with fibroid. It corresponds developmentally to the gubernaculum testis and is morphologically continuous with the ovarian ligament. The blood supply is from the utero-ovarian anastomotic vessels. The lymphatics from the body of the uterus pass along it to reach the inguinal group of nodes. While it is not related to maintain the uterus in anteverted position, but its shortening by operation is utilized to make the uterus anteverted.

Embryologically, it corresponds with gubernaculum testis. In the fetus, there is a tubular process of peritoneum continuing with the round ligament into the inguinal region. This process is called canal of Nuck. It is analogous to the processus vaginalis which precedes to descent of the testis.