All true regarding fracture lateral condyle humerus except -

All true regarding fracture lateral condyle humerus except -

    1. Salter Harris type IV injury
    1. Most common complication of surgically treated cases is cubitus valgus deformity
    1. Tardy ulnar nerve palsy occurs
    1. Cubitus varus occur more commonly than valgus
    1. Open rudction & internal fixation

0 voters


  • There is no doubt about option ‘a, c & e’.
  1. Lateral condyle fracture is Salter Harris type IV injury.
  2. Tardy ulnar nerve palsy is a known complication, especially after malunion (cubitus valgus).
  3. In displaced fracture, open reduction and internal fixation is indicated.
  • Option ‘b & d’ require explanation here.
    Option ‘d’
  1. Lateral condylar spur formation is the most common deformity after a fracture involving the lateral condylar physis. It is caused by coronal rotation of distal fragments which tends to displace a flap of periosteum laterally. This periosteum then produces new bone formation in the form of a spur.
  2. Due to this overgrowth on lateral side, elbow looks into varus. It is called pseudovarus as it is not true cubitus varus but gives its appearance.
  3. So, option `0:1’ is partially correct.
  4. However, you should keep in mind that cubitus valgus is much more common than true cubitus varus in fracture lateral condyle humerus.

Option ‘b’

  • The most common complication after surgery is lateral spur (pseudovarus).
  • Lateral spur occurs after both nonoperative and operative treatment.
  • It results from extensive dissection at the time of operation, which causes hypertrophic bone formation.