Clinical features, causes & prevention of anemia in children

CLINICAL FEATURES, CAUSES & PREVENTION OF ANEMIA IN CHILDREN

Anemia is defined as the reduction in the Red Blood Cells or Hemoglobin content of RBCs below that of normal limit for child’s age.

For e.g. – For a healthy child of the age 4 years, the normal level of hemoglobin is considered as 11.5 – 13.5 g/dl. The level below 11.5 g/dl is considered anemic.

Moreover, the severe anemia is when the level of hemoglobin fall down to less the 5 gm/dl while the level between 5-10 gm/dl is considered as moderate anemia.

CLINICAL FEATURES ANEMIA IN CHILDREN

The most important clinical manifestation is pallor of the skin and mucous membranes.

A very simple way to grade the severity of anemia is palmar pallor . If palms are pale but the creases in hands are pink, indicates moderate anemia. If the palm and creases are all pale, it usually means severe anemia.

There is another thing that may be commonly observed in children is that the behavior termed as “pica” which is a habit of eating strange things such as ice, dirt, clay, and cornstarch etc… it is not actually harmful but sometimes your child may eat something toxic or harmful for the health like lead powder or paint flakes. But don’t worry… your child will stop doing these things as he/she gets older.