Ectopic pregnancy, also called extra-uterine pregnancy (Geu), is a pregnancy that develops outside the womb. It happens when the egg is established in a ovaries (most often), or more rarely on an ovaries, in the abdominal chamber or on the collar of the womb.
Normally, the egg is ovulating by a spermatozoa in the integument, then it travels to the womb in order to implant on the womb and start its development. In the case of an ectopic pregnancy, the egg will be stuck in the trunk and will begin to develop in the wrong place.
An ectopic pregnancy cannot be completed and emergency intervention is essential as soon as it is detected. According to the medical, it is estimated that 2 % of pregnant women have a geu. In addition, pregnant pregnancy is believed to be responsible for 4 TO 8 % of fake diapers.
Causes of ectopic pregnancy
96 % of pregnant pregnancy develop in one of the tubes. This is called a tubal pregnancy and several causes can cause it:
An anomaly of the tubes,
A physical trauma,
A hormonal balance.
Sometimes it is impossible to find the cause behind the development of extra-uterine pregnancy.
Who is affected by ectopic pregnancy?
What are the risk factors?
In a large number of cases, ectopic pregnancy seems to happen for no reason. However, the risks increase in the following cases:
Presence of a pelvic inflammation syndrome, which is usually caused by an chlamydial (Chlamydia, gonorrhea).
Wearing an IUD: when there is fertilization despite this method of birth, pregnancy can be extra-Uterine.
Women’s age (over 35 years).
Previous Abdominal Surgery (Appendectomy, tubal ligation).
Fertility Treatments (medical assisted human reproduction).
Taken of certain contraceptive (Depo-Provera).
Avm of the tubes.
Have already done a geu in the past.
Ectopic pregnancy is not contagious.
The main symptoms of ectopic pregnancy
At the beginning of pregnancy, some women do not have symptoms at all, not even knowing they are pregnant. They will usually be alerted by:
Weak Vagina bleeds;
It is only by consulting their doctor that they can detect the presence of an ectopic pregnancy.
When ectopic pregnancy is a little more advanced, you can see the same symptoms as an ordinary pregnancy:
Absence of period,
Pregnancy test positive.
It is usually 3 TO 6 weeks after fertilization that happens more or less intense, depending on the stage of development of the gametes.
You can also notice:
A One-sided pain in the lower belly;
Passed 6 TO 8 weeks after the last rules, there is often a break of one of the tubes, which leads to:
Intense Abdominal pain,
A drop of tension due to internal bleeding,
A State of shock: Excessive Sweating, pallor, faints.
Diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy
Only a doctor can make a diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy. Usually, he does a pelvic exam, ultrasound and blood tests. When tests sold in pharmacy and blood tests indicate the presence of the pregnancy hormone, but the uterus is not visible in the uterus, it is a sign that pregnancy is ectopic.
It is mandatory to remove the embryo and placenta from the trunk (or from any other region where the egg is located. ))
Possible risk of complications
The longer the ectopic pregnancy lasts, the greater the risks. When the tubes break, there may be a serious bleeding that puts the woman’s life at risk. In Western countries, the risk of mother’s death during the first quarter of pregnancy is mainly related to an extra-uterine pregnancy.
In addition, in some cases, the only possible treatment is the removal of the affected tube, which can cause final sterility (in case the 2TH TUBE TUBE IS ALREADY AFFECTED).
Treatment of ectopic pregnancy
The only treatment with ectopic pregnancy is to remove the egg. According to the stage of pregnancy, there are two main ways:
An injection of méthodextrate: a medicine that stops the growth of the cells and destroys those that already exist.
A surgical treatment: either we remove the trunk to remove all the residues, or completely remove the trunk or remove it, that is, we burn it, in whole or in part. In these last two cases, the trunk is no longer functional.
Prevention of ectopic pregnancy
There is no safe way to avoid an ectopic pregnancy. On the other hand, some measures can reduce risks:
Always have protected sexual relationships to avoid the mts.
Treat existing mts.