Explain in detail the role of 3 d printing in pmr practice?



1 Three dimensional (3D) printing is a novel emerging technology widely used for various fields such as medical, engineering, educations, and other industrial areas.

2 It is the process of making three dimensional physical models by using 3D software, computer, and printer.

3 The 3D printing technology is also called as by various names such as solid imaging, additive manufacturing, medical rapid prototyping, layer based manufacturing, laser prototyping, and solid free form fabrication

A ) This technology has been wildly used for producing various types of customized low cost medical devices, but it is still in the infancy status in theresearch and clinical practice area of occupational therapy

4 In term of cost, 3D printing method for making medical devices or implants are considered as cost effective and can produce in less time. Therefore, it helps to increase the productivity of effective customized medical devices with low rate


1 In the 3D scanning technological point of view, computerized tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI scan) has been used to take acquire the 3D images of the body parts.

2 Initially, the acquired three dimensional images from the CT and MRI will be analysed with 3D software such as Mimics, 3D Doctor and then it will be converted and saved as STL file.

3 Finally, the STL file (format) is transferred into the RP machine to create the physical model.


1 for creating of assistive technology for disabled persons such as ipad key guard for hand tremor, mouth stick holder

2 Useful for making 3 D printed hand grips ( Highlter grip holder, Container grip, bottle grip holder, and rocker grip holding device, large crayon, and painting brush grip holder )

3 Useful for making finger guide for pen, BIOT hand prosthesis , glass holder for poor hand function, and hand grip holder for eating utensils

4 application in different conditions and as per needs of the patients such as assistive devices of stroke and other neurological patients, splints for hand problems, learning aids for special needs children

5 useful in patients with club foot deformity for generation of braces

6 In developing hearing aids


1 Is more comfortable , fit and easy to use

2 Has aesthetic features which allows faster recovery of patients

3 Increases compliance of patients for using splints

4 Reduces the risk of ulcer formation as it is more aesthetic , light weight and well ventilated

5 Induces positive emotional responses to the patients’and will improve the adherence of treatment regime.