Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC)

Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is a diagnostic test used to obtain a tissue sample from a mass or tumor for examination under a microscope. While it is a commonly used test for many types of tumors, it is generally not recommended for the diagnosis of testicular tumors.

The main reason for this is that testicular tumors are often malignant and have the potential to spread beyond the testicle. When a tumor is punctured during an FNAC, cancer cells may be released into the surrounding tissues, increasing the risk of cancer spreading beyond the testicle. This can complicate the diagnosis and management of the tumor.

In addition, other diagnostic tests such as ultrasound, blood tests, and biopsy may provide more accurate and comprehensive information for diagnosing testicular tumors. Ultrasound is particularly useful in evaluating the size, location, and characteristics of a testicular mass, while biopsy can provide a tissue sample for more detailed analysis.

Overall, while FNAC is a useful diagnostic test in many cases, it is generally not recommended for the diagnosis of testicular tumors due to the risk of complications and the availability of more accurate and comprehensive diagnostic tests.