Glaucoma is a group of eye conditions that damage the optic nerve, the health of which is vital for good vision. This damage is often caused by an abnormally high pressure in your eye.
Glaucoma is one of the leading causes of blindness for people over the age of 60. It can occur at any age but is more common in older adults.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
Patchy blind spots in your side (peripheral) or central vision, frequently in both eyesTunnel vision in the advanced stages
Acute angle-closure glaucoma
Severe headache eye pain nausea and vomiting blurred vision halos around lights eye redness
Glaucoma usually occurs when too much pressure inside the eye causesdamage to the optic nerve at the back of the eyeball, leading to permanent vision loss. Recent studies also have implicated low intra cranial pressure (the pressure that surrounds the brain) as one of the risks for glaucoma.
Glaucoma is treated by lowering your eye pressure (intraocular pressure). Depending on your situation, your options may include prescription eye drops, oral medications, laser treatment, surgery or a combination of any of these.