Highest thermogenic effect/specific dynamic allowance is for protein or alcohol?

Highest thermogenic effect/specific dynamic allowance is for protein or alcohol?

The highest thermogenic effect, also known as the specific dynamic action (SDA) or thermic effect of food (TEF), is typically associated with protein consumption.

When you consume food, your body expends energy to digest, absorb, and metabolize the nutrients. The thermogenic effect refers to the increase in metabolic rate that occurs after eating as a result of these processes. Different macronutrients have varying thermogenic effects:

  1. Protein: Protein has the highest thermogenic effect among the three macronutrients (protein, carbohydrates, and fats). It requires more energy to digest and metabolize protein compared to carbohydrates and fats. Approximately 20-30% of the calories from protein are expended during digestion and metabolism.
  2. Carbohydrates: Carbohydrates have a moderate thermogenic effect. Around 5-10% of the calories from carbohydrates are expended during digestion and metabolism.
  3. Fats: Fats have the lowest thermogenic effect among the macronutrients. Only about 0-3% of the calories from fats are expended during digestion and metabolism.

Alcohol also has a thermogenic effect, but it is typically lower than that of protein. Approximately 5-10% of the calories from alcohol are expended during metabolism.

So, while alcohol does have a thermogenic effect, protein generally has a higher thermogenic effect compared to alcohol. However, it’s essential to note that excessive alcohol consumption can have various negative effects on health beyond its thermogenic properties.