How is Hurthle cell carcinoma (HCC) diagnosed?

How is Hurthle cell carcinoma (HCC) diagnosed?

To diagnose HCC, your doctor performs a thorough physical exam. You’ll also discuss your symptoms and medical history.

Your doctor may also use several tests, including:

  • Blood tests
  • Fine needle aspiration (FNA): Your doctor uses a small, thin needle to take a sample of thyroid tissue. Doctors examine the tissue under a microscope for evidence of cancer.
  • Evaluation of vocal cord mobility: by ultrasound or in-office indirect/mirror or fiberoptic laryngoscopy
  • Imaging tests: Doctors order computed tomography (CT) scans, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans, and positron emission tomography (PET) scans to check for signs that cancer has spread. These tests use magnetic fields, radio waves, or radioactive drugs to visualize structures inside the body.
  • Thyroid uptake scan : Your doctor injects a small amount of radioactive iodine into your bloodstream. Radioactive iodine builds up in cancer tissues in the thyroid gland. After the injection, your doctor uses a PET scan to look for any cancer cells in your thyroid.
  • Ultrasound: Using sound waves, an ultrasound makes a picture of internal organs or glands.