Hysteroscopy is a medical procedure that involves the visualization of the endometrial cavity, which is the inside lining of the uterus, using a hysteroscope. A hysteroscope is a thin, lighted instrument that acts like a telescope and is inserted through the cervix into the uterus.
During a hysteroscopy, the hysteroscope allows the healthcare provider to directly examine the uterine cavity and identify any abnormalities, such as polyps, fibroids, adhesions (scar tissue), or other structural issues. The hysteroscope may also have channels to allow for the passage of fluid or surgical instruments if necessary.
The procedure can be performed in an outpatient setting or as an in-office procedure, depending on the specific circumstances and the complexity of the case. It may be done for diagnostic purposes, to investigate abnormal bleeding, recurrent miscarriages, or infertility, or for therapeutic purposes, such as removing polyps or fibroids, performing endometrial ablation, or placing contraceptive devices.
Hysteroscopy can be performed under local anesthesia, conscious sedation, or general anesthesia, depending on the extent and complexity of the procedure. The cervix may be dilated before the hysteroscope is inserted to allow for easier access.
Overall, hysteroscopy is a valuable diagnostic and therapeutic tool that allows for direct visualization and evaluation of the endometrial cavity, helping healthcare providers identify and address various uterine conditions. The specific details and recommendations regarding hysteroscopy should be discussed with a qualified healthcare professional who can provide personalized advice and guidance based on an individual’s specific situation and needs.