Intra abdominal abscess

An intra-abdominal abscess is a localized collection of pus within the abdominal cavity. It typically develops as a complication of intra-abdominal infections, such as appendicitis, diverticulitis, or perforated bowel. The abscess can form when the body’s immune system walls off the infection to prevent it from spreading.

Symptoms of an intra-abdominal abscess may include abdominal pain, fever, nausea, vomiting, and sometimes a palpable mass in the abdomen. Diagnosis often involves imaging studies like CT scans or ultrasound to visualize the abscess.

Treatment usually involves a combination of antibiotics and drainage of the abscess. Drainage can be done surgically or using image-guided techniques such as percutaneous drainage. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove the abscess or repair any underlying cause of the infection.

Prompt treatment is important to prevent complications such as sepsis or the abscess rupturing and spreading infection to other parts of the body.