Iron deficiency anemia is most prone in
Iron deficiency anemia is a condition characterized by low levels of iron in the body, leading to a decrease in the production of red blood cells and insufficient oxygen delivery to tissues. While iron deficiency anemia can affect individuals of any age or gender, certain groups are more prone to developing this condition. These groups include:
- Women of reproductive age: Women are at a higher risk of iron deficiency anemia due to factors such as menstrual blood loss, pregnancy, and lactation. Menstruation can lead to regular blood loss, which can deplete iron stores over time if not adequately replenished. Pregnancy and breastfeeding increase the iron requirements for both the mother and the developing fetus or newborn.
- Children and adolescents: Rapid growth and development during childhood and adolescence can increase the iron demands of the body. Insufficient iron intake, inadequate dietary diversity, or conditions such as poor iron absorption or chronic diseases can contribute to iron deficiency anemia in this age group.
- Infants and toddlers: Infants are born with iron stores that gradually deplete over time. Breast milk is low in iron, and after about 6 months of age, complementary foods become essential to meet iron requirements. Inadequate iron intake, exclusive breastfeeding beyond 6 months without iron-rich complementary foods, or conditions that affect iron absorption can lead to iron deficiency anemia in this population.
- Vegetarians and vegans: Plant-based diets may provide non-heme iron, which is less easily absorbed by the body compared to heme iron found in animal products. Vegetarians and vegans may have a higher risk of iron deficiency anemia if they do not carefully plan their diets to include adequate iron sources or enhance iron absorption through dietary strategies.
It’s important to note that other factors, such as chronic blood loss from gastrointestinal conditions, malabsorption disorders, or certain medical treatments, can also contribute to iron deficiency anemia in individuals who do not fall within the above-mentioned groups. If you suspect you may have iron deficiency anemia or have concerns about your iron levels, it is recommended to consult with a healthcare professional for proper evaluation, diagnosis, and appropriate treatment.