Isolation and Quarantine are which level of prevention? Please clear the doubt

Isolation and Quarantine are which level of prevention? Please clear the doubt.

Isolation and quarantine are measures used primarily for secondary prevention.

Here’s the distinction between different levels of prevention:

  1. Primary Prevention: Aims to prevent the onset of disease or injury before it occurs. Examples include vaccinations, health education, and lifestyle modifications.
  2. Secondary Prevention: Focuses on early detection and intervention to prevent the progression of disease. This includes screening tests and measures like isolation and quarantine. These are used to prevent the spread of infectious diseases by identifying and separating individuals who are infected (isolation) or who may have been exposed to an infection (quarantine) to stop further transmission.
  3. Tertiary Prevention: Aims to manage and reduce the impact of an already established disease by restoring function and reducing disease-related complications. Examples include rehabilitation and treatment interventions.

Isolation and quarantine are implemented after potential exposure or identification of an infection, thus falling under secondary prevention as they aim to control the spread and impact of an infectious disease within the population.