On Kinetic and Static Perimetry

on Kinetic and Static Perimetry

Kinetic and static perimetry are two different techniques used in visual field testing to assess a person’s peripheral vision. They are commonly used in the diagnosis and monitoring of conditions that affect the visual field, such as glaucoma or neurological disorders. Here’s an overview of each technique:

  1. Kinetic Perimetry: Kinetic perimetry involves moving stimuli to map the boundaries of a person’s visual field. During the test, a target (such as a light or a colored object) is moved from outside the visual field towards the center until it becomes visible to the individual being tested. The examiner records the positions at which the target is first seen, which helps create a visual field map. This process is repeated at different points across the visual field to obtain a comprehensive assessment.
  2. Static Perimetry: Static perimetry, on the other hand, uses stationary stimuli presented at various locations within the visual field. The individual being tested is asked to fixate their gaze on a central point and then indicate when they see a target stimulus presented at different locations. The examiner records the locations where the target is detected, and this information is used to create a visual field map.

Both kinetic and static perimetry have their advantages and applications:

  • Kinetic perimetry is useful for identifying the boundaries of the visual field and assessing the overall extent and sensitivity of peripheral vision. It is particularly helpful in detecting large scotomas (areas of reduced or absent vision) or detecting changes in the peripheral visual field over time.
  • Static perimetry allows for a more detailed and localized assessment of the visual field. It provides information about the specific areas of the visual field that may be affected by conditions like glaucoma. Static perimetry can detect smaller scotomas and is often used for quantifying visual field defects.

The choice between kinetic and static perimetry depends on the specific needs of the patient and the clinical context. In some cases, both techniques may be used together to obtain a comprehensive evaluation of the visual field.

It’s important to note that visual field testing should be performed and interpreted by trained healthcare professionals, such as ophthalmologists or optometrists, who can properly assess the results and make appropriate diagnoses or treatment decisions based on the findings.