PREVENTION OF MEASLES
- Measles vaccine,
- vitamin A (single dose with the vaccine)
TREATMENT OF MEASLES
✓ For cases:
-symptomatic e.g. eye care,
-care of feeding,
-antibiotics for 2ry infection,
-vitamin A —> 100.000-200.000 IU single oral dose reduce measles morbidity in malnourished , immunodeficiency and in infants aged 6 months to 2 years.
✓ For contacts:
passive immunization with measles immunoglobulin ( 0.5 ml/kg , IM ):
1-If given within 6 days of exposure :
Prevent the disease but vaccine is needed two months later “seroprevention” .
- Immunodificient contacts
- Infants less than 6 months of non immune mothers.
2-If given after 6 days of exposure :
attenuate the virus —> mild disease plus immunity “seroattenuation” .