Punishment of children and its consequences
Spanking and other physical punishment, such as shake, slap, slap or pinch, have negative effects on the psychological and social development of a child.
To develop well, the child needs to live a sense of physical and psychological security. And it is first with his parents that he finds this sense of security. Thus, when he is physically punished, the child feels insecurity.
Consequences of physical punishment
Some tense parents are coming to hit their child in the hope of taking over the situation. However, shake, type or pinch a child is not effective forms of discipline. No study has shown that there are positive effects related to physical punishment.
When the child receives physical punishment, he: judge himself as a bad person, not up to the expectations of his parents, and comes to have a low self-esteem;
Comes to believe that problems can be solved by physical violence;
Obeys in the short term - but in the long term, physical punishment leads to negative reactions: Anxiety, depression, fear, aggression, desire for revenge or rebellion and a desire to occupy a position of power;
Accumulate in him fear and rage, which may come out later. Thus, a child regularly hit is more likely to be violent with other children or with their parents;
May adopt defensive behavior and be suspicious of the adults around it;
Could have cognitive difficulties, such as a language delay, a problem of attention or memory;
Could have difficulties later in school;
At more risk of becoming a violent adult.
To meditate :" I received some spanking when I was a child and I’m fine! "
" it is possible that a person who has been spanking in childhood is doing well. However, there is a high risk that this will not be the case for many people. Indeed, many children who are victims of physical punishment are experiencing negative impacts on their development. They also learn that physical violence is a good strategy for conflict management. "