Recommended content of Iodine in salt
at production level ?
a) 10 ppm
b) 15 ppm
c) 20 ppm
d) 30 ppm
Correct Answer - D
Ans. is ‘d’ i.e., 30 ppm
There are following essential components of national goitre control
- Iodized salt
The iodization of salt is now the most widely used prophylactic public
health measure against endemic goitre.
In India the level of iodization is fixed under the Prevention of food
adulteration (PFA) act and is not less than 30 ppm at the production
point and not less than 15 ppm of iodine at the consumer level.
Iodized salt is most economical, convenient and effective means of
mass prophylaxis in endemic areas.
Recently the National institure of Nutrition at Hyderabad has come
out with a new product, common salt fortified with iron and iodine —
two in one salt (twin fortified salt or double fortified salt).
Iodized oil → It is another effective method for controlling goitre. IM
injection of iodized oil (mostly poppy seed oil) is given. An average
dose of 1 ml will provide protection for 4 years.
- Iodine monitoring
Neonatal hypothyroidism is a sensitive pointer to environmental
iodine deficiency and can thus be an effective indicator for
monitoring the impact of a programme.
- Manpower training
- Mass communication
“The WHO regional strategy for the control of IDD has its principal
objective the reduction of prevalence of goitre in areas of endemicity
to 10% or below by the year 2000”.