Severe arthritis often produces an angulation deformity
Severe arthritis can lead to the development of angulation deformities in affected joints. Arthritis is a condition characterized by inflammation of one or more joints, leading to pain, swelling, and stiffness. Over time, the continuous inflammation can cause damage to the joint’s cartilage and surrounding structures, leading to various deformities.
Angulation deformities occur when the joint’s normal alignment is altered, causing the bones to deviate from their usual position. This deviation can result in the joint appearing bent or crooked, limiting its range of motion and causing further discomfort and functional impairment.
The specific type of angulation deformity can vary depending on the location of the affected joint and the pattern of joint damage caused by arthritis. For example, in the knee joint, arthritis may lead to a bow-legged (varus) or knock-kneed (valgus) deformity. In the fingers and hands, arthritis can cause swan-neck or boutonniere deformities, where the fingers either bend excessively or become fixed in a flexed or extended position.
Management of angulation deformities caused by severe arthritis may involve conservative treatments such as physical therapy, pain management, and assistive devices. In some cases, surgical interventions may be necessary to correct the deformity and improve joint function. It is essential to seek timely medical attention and follow the recommendations of healthcare professionals to manage arthritis effectively and prevent or minimize the development of severe deformities.