Short stature is seen in –

Short stature is seen in –
a) Maternal deprivation syndrome
b) Hypothyroidism
c) Bulimia
d) Paternal smoking

    1. abc
    1. bcd
    1. cde
    1. abe
    1. bde

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  • If the height of the child is below the 3rd percentile or less than 2 S.D. from the mean, he or she is considered to be short stature.
  • Causes of short stature

A) Proportionate short stature

Normal variant - 1) Familial

                            2) Constitutional delay in growth 

Prenatal causes - 1) Intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR)

                            2) Intrauterine infections

Posnatal causes - 1) Nutritional dwarfism (due to malnutrition)

                            2) Chronic visceral disease

                            3) Endocrine disorders (hypopituitrism, Juvenile DM)

                            4) Psychosocial (emotional deprivation, maternal deprivation)

B) Disproportionate short stature

  • With short limbs - Achondroplasia, hypochondroplasia, chondroectodermal dysplasia, deformities due to rickets and osteogenesis imperfecta, hypothyroidism.
  • With short trunk : Spondylo-epiphyseal dysplasia, mucoplysaccharidosis, mucolipidosis, caries spine, hemivertebrae.