The leading cauuse of neonatal mortality?

The leading cause of neonatal mortality (death within the first 28 days of life) varies depending on the region and the resources available for maternal and neonatal care. However, globally, the three main causes of neonatal mortality are:

  1. Preterm birth complications: These are the leading cause of neonatal mortality worldwide, accounting for approximately 35% of all neonatal deaths. Babies born before 37 weeks of gestation are at increased risk of complications such as respiratory distress syndrome, infections, and hypothermia.
  2. Infections: Neonatal infections, particularly sepsis, pneumonia, and meningitis, are responsible for approximately 25% of all neonatal deaths. Infections can be acquired during pregnancy, delivery, or after birth.
  3. Birth asphyxia: This occurs when the baby is deprived of oxygen during the delivery process. It is responsible for approximately 24% of neonatal deaths. Birth asphyxia can lead to brain damage, developmental delays, and even death if not promptly treated.

Other factors that contribute to neonatal mortality include congenital anomalies, neonatal tetanus, and low birth weight. Access to quality maternal and neonatal care is crucial in preventing these causes of neonatal mortality.