Vertigo refers to a frequent phenomenon that has suffered about 1 out of 7

Vertigo refers to a frequent phenomenon that has suffered about 1 out of 7. people. It corresponds to a rotational feeling of our environment, which is why we often use the expression ′′ having the head that turns ′′ to describe it.
Some vertigo may be accompanied by other signs like nausea or walking disturbances. The treatment to follow depends on the cause of vertigo.
Note: Doctors know the difference between true vertigo and discomfort sometimes called vertigo while it’s everything else. The head feeling that turns when you get back up after being crouched is orthostatic hypotension and not vertigo.
Some discomforts giving a sense of instability or appear to announce a loss of knowledge, are not included in the vertigo covered in this sheet. It’s the same for migraine headaches, anxious people suffering from empty head feelings, veil in front of the eyes, fear of falling, or vertigo of heights which is not a ′′ real ′′ vertigo in the medical sense of the word.
True vertigo leads to a feeling of movement of the body in space.
• DESCRIPTION OF THE VERTIGE
Vertigo results:

  • either a malfunction of the vestibular system, located at the level of the inner ear,
  • either a neurological or brain damage.
    Normally the vestibular system allows us, in combination with view and proprioceptive sensitivity (feeling our body’s position in space), to keep us in balance.
    Therefore, an abnormal vestibular system, nerves or brain connected to it, causes a conflict between the various information our brain receives, and it results from balance disorders or sensations such as loss of balance or Impression that the environment around us (walls, ceiling, objects) is turning.
    • TYPES OF VERTIGES
    Four types of vertigo are distinguished:
    Positional vertigo, for a few seconds, that may happen in progress or end of movement. This may include, for example, benign paroxysmal vertigo among the most frequent.
  • Violent vertigo, for more than 12 hours. They may include vestibular neuritis, stroke (stroke), consequences of head injury or chronic ear infection that is damaging the centers of balance… These are for some of the emergencies and need to contact a doctor quickly.- recurring vertigo that lasts a few hours. They may be due to meni ièrere’s disease, illness or ear tumor.
  • Instability or ataxia, feeling of imbalance in standing or walking that can be linked to neurological problems or vestibule of the ear.
    • CAUSES OF VERTIGE
    Benin paroxystic positional vertigo, with cupulolithiasis or canalolithiasis (it represents 30 % of vertigo)
  • Chronic ear infection or diseases of the ear: perilymphatic fistula, middle ear cholesteatoma, infectious labyrhintitis, tumor, otospongiosis…
  • Vestibular neuritis or labyrinthitis (inflammation of the inner ear nerves)
  • Inner ear trauma with rock fracture or labyrinthic commotion.
  • Poisoning (alcohol, drugs, coffee, medicine)
  • Tumor (neurinoma of VIII)
  • Meni ièrere’s disease (inner ear disease of unknown origin)
  • Disorders that alter blood irrigation of the ear
  • Alteration of blood circulation in the structures of the brain responsible for the posture
  • Neurological conditions (stroke, intracranial hypertension, head injury).
    • DIAGNOSTIC
    In case of vertigo or dizzying feeling, a doctor should be consulted, especially if it comes with other symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, balance or walking disorder, hearing loss, tinnitus ( whistles and buzzings perceived by the subject).
    Doctor questions the person suffering from vertigo about their appearance, frequency, duration, triggers, potential falls, felt impressions and background to find the cause.
    Clinical exam focuses on hearing canals and eardrum, balancing abilities explored through some maneuvers, eye movement.
    Complementary tests will in some cases identify what triggers vertigo: blood work, hearing tests like an audiogram, heart check, medical imaging (scanner, inner ear MRI).
    Doctor should be consulted urgently in case someone reports or if you notice:
  • partial vision loss (blurry, double vision) or total,
  • difficulties standing up
  • difficulties in communicating
  • strange behavior or if he performs abnormal movements.
    • Treatments
    The treatment of vertigo depends on their origin. They will be treated better if the cause is identified.
    In some cases, the diagnosis will lead to emergency hospitalization to treat a stroke.
    To remove benign positional paroxysmal vertigo, the ENT doctor (oto-rhino-laryngology) or a physiotherapist can perform special tipping maneuvers aimed at mobilizing and dispersing the tiny calculations that cause these vertigo.
    In case of vestibular neuritis, the specialist will prescribe, in the first two days, medicines that affect vestibular structures of the ear:
  • calming antihistamines,
  • antiemetics against nausea and vomiting,
  • tranquilizing medicine to fight anxiety.
    Subsequently, vestibular neuritis most often develops favourably, and then is treated quickly (through physical therapy)
    If vertigo is linked to the adverse reaction of a drug, this treatment is discontinued.
    In some cases and still depending on the origin of vertigo, surgery is sometimes necessary.
    • ADDITIONAL APPROACHES TO TREAT VERTIGE
    Once the causes of severe vertigo are eliminated, several natural methods can prove useful to limit or permanently treat vertigo.
    Osteopathy
    To the extent that vertigo is linked to a cervical problem, one or two sessions of osteopathy will be enough to correct the problem. In a cranio-sacred approach, the osteopath will work smoothly, especially at the neck, skull and basin (cranio-sacred approach).
    Homeopathy
    9 CH Phosphorus and Bryonia alba pellets are useful in fighting all forms of vertigo. Ideally, we’ll take 5 granules every hour, as soon as the first symptoms develop. The same remedy is used in background treatment at a rate of 3 granules 2 times a day.
    If nausea and vomiting are associated, Cocculus indicus is recommended.
    If vertigo is raised in the morning when we wake up, we recommend to turn to Cocculus alumina.
    If there is noises intolerance, it is better to prefer Theridion curassavicum.