An 82-year-old woman with a history of hypertension is rushed to the emergency room complaining of chest pain of 1-hour duration. Physical examination discloses bilateral pitting leg edema, hepatosplenomegaly, and rales at the bases of both lungs. The patient is apprehensive and sweating. The patient loses consciousness and dies of a cardiac arrhythmia. Microscopic examination of the lungs at autopsy is shown. Which of the following hemodynamic processes best explains this pathologic finding?
- Decreased capillary permeability
- Decreased intravascular oncotic pressure
- Increased intravascular hydrostatic pressure
- Increased intravascular oncotic pressure
- Vasoconstriction of precapillary arterioles