Dandruff is too troublesome to come back, what medicine can eliminate dandruff?

Dandruff is too troublesome to come back, what medicine can eliminate dandruff?

Dandruff is mostly a disease, medically called scalp seborrheic dermatitis. Symptoms that appear include dry or oily dandruff if you do not wash your hair for a day. The scalp is prone to erythema, itching, pimples, pustules, and hair loss.

For dandruff, many people mistakenly think that it is caused by not talking about hygiene, or induced by using unsuitable shampoo and hair care products. In fact, this is only a small part of the incentive. The cause of most seborrheic dermatitis is not very clear. In addition to neonatal seborrheic dermatitis, seborrheic dermatitis is generally induced after anxiety. In addition, many Malassezia bacteria are currently found on dandruff. The normal number of Malassezia bacteria parasitic on human skin is not pathogenic. However, if excessive reproduction exceeds the normal parasite quantity, it will induce seborrheic dermatitis.

Which medicines can eliminate dandruff?

The first choice for treatment is 2% ketoconazole lotion. Ketoconazole can inhibit fungal reproduction, but because the normal parasitic Malassezia cannot be completely killed, it can only play a controlling role and cannot be cured.

People with itching and heavy dandruff can use compound ketoconazole. In addition to ketoconazole, its formula also contains anti-inflammatory hormones, which can be used for short-term use to control severe symptoms. It is not recommended for long-term use.

Children can choose selenium disulfide lotion. This medicine is relatively safe for children to use, and it also inhibits the proliferation of Malassezia and has a moderate anti-inflammatory effect.


The above drugs are used once or twice a week for the purpose of maintenance treatment. In severe cases, they can be used once a day, and once or twice a week after symptom control is used for maintenance treatment. When using, gently rub the lotion and leave it on the scalp for 2 to 5 minutes before washing.

Although it is possible to control itching and dandruff as soon as possible, it is not recommended for long-term use. Some non-medicinal shampoos mainly containing selenium disulfide, zinc pyrithione, coal tar, sulfur, clomiprazole, ciclopirox, etc. are also helpful for anti-dandruff. These treatments all have the effect of removing visible dandruff, erythema, and itching, but none can be cured, and usually require repeated treatment or long-term maintenance treatment.

During long-term maintenance treatment, when using a drug shampoo to control dandruff is not as effective as before, it needs to be replaced with another one to continue maintenance treatment. What needs to be distinguished is “scalp psoriasis”. These two diseases sometimes coexist. When it is really indistinguishable, it is called “seborrheic psoriasis”. Treatment requires psoriasis